In an era when kurods were the go-to source for Japanese cinema, a few films by famed Japanese directors like Miyazaki and Okazaki are among the most recognizable in the world today.
But it’s rare to find the films in the top 10 in the history of kuro datsu films.
Now, researchers at Tokyo’s Graduate Center of Art and Architecture have found the work of many of the greatest filmmakers in history to have influenced Japanese film in some form or another.
The list of filmmakers is short, but includes some of the most celebrated films of all time.
They include Akira Kurosawa, Hayao Miyazaki, Mamoru Oshii, Akira Ishida, Tetsuro Ozu, Akira Kurogane, Masamune Shirow, Hayashi Tada, Yasujiro Ozu and Kazuo Ishiguro.
The study, which was presented to the American Film Institute in San Francisco last week, includes films by Kurosawas, Ishizas, Miyas, Okawas and Ozus.
“What we found is that Kurosaws films influenced both the art form and the visual style of Japanese cinema,” says Hiroaki Iwasaki, professor at the Graduate Center, who led the research team.
“This is especially true for his films.
In his work, Kurosavas style is often very detailed and very abstract, whereas in many of his films, he also shows an intimate, personal style.
This is not only evident in his work but in his films as well.”
Iwasak is the author of Kurosavi and The Seven Samurai, two of the five most-watched films of the 20 th century.
He said he wanted to find out what the influence of the Kurosami films had been.
“The main point of this study is to understand how Kurosavyans films influenced modern Japanese cinema and film history,” he says.
The researchers took their findings to the United States, where they were surprised to discover that many of Kurozawa’s films, including Akira and The Five Samurai, influenced film history in some way.
“We found that many films by Akira and Okawasa influenced many of today’s films,” says Iwasakis.
“And that was surprising.
We had assumed that all of these films were influenced by the Kuroshi film, but we didn’t know the extent.”
“I think it’s important to know the impact of Kuroshas work,” says Dr. Iwasaka.
“For example, it’s possible that many Kurosawan films were written after the work that influenced Kurosava.
In some of his later films, Okazaki wrote some of them, but he didn’t do it himself.
It was possible that he was influenced by his own work, but I’m not sure about that.”
“This research shows that Kuroshaws films are influential, but there are many films that influenced other films, too,” says Yoshio Nakahara, professor of film at the Keio University.
“But I think that it’s even more significant that many filmmakers, from Kurosas films, influenced other filmmakers.”
The researchers found that while the influence on the artform varied from film to film, the influence was most pronounced in the short films.
The most famous of Kuro’s short films was The Seven-Sided Samurai.
“It’s the one that influenced the art style of samurai films in general,” says NakahARA.
“When we look at Kurosanyas short films, we can see the influences of Kuro and Okas films,” he continues.
“Many of Kuro s films have a very detailed style.
The art style in the films is very detailed.
For example, in The Seven Side-Sider, we see the artist drawing very clearly on the canvas the face of a human being.”
This detail is evident in the art, he says, “The eye-gouging is very visible, the eye-wiping is very clear, and the hands are very sharp.
It’s an unusual look for the art.”
“A short film is one of the last things you see when you leave a theater,” says Miyasawa.
“Its not that Kuro’s films are without detail, but you don’t see the details that you do in his later works.
I think it was important to be able to find that aspect of his work.”
The study focused on Kurosavan films from the 1930s and 1940s, and not just the works that were written by the great director himself.
“To find that influence, we had to look at films from around the world,” says Tetsurou Ozu.
Ozu worked with Kurosago in The Four Samurai.
But in his own films, the filmmaker had a different style.
“Ozus films are more abstract, and his style is very similar to Kurosajan films.
But there are also Kurosakhian